A Beginner’s Guide to an Electric Bike

Offering the thrill of cycling with a boost of electric power, E-bikes are revolutionizing the way people get around. And the fun part? These rides make moving around convenient and fun for people of varying age groups.

E-bikes are an eco-friendly and cost-effective way to travel short distances. With the ability to help riders travel faster and farther with less effort, it's no wonder e-bikes are surging in popularity across various continents, with Asia, North America, and Europe being the biggest contenders. In fact, e-bike sales were more than 800,000 in the year 2021 in the USA alone.
However, with rising popularity, safety concerns also arise, not just for riding but also for buying. So, let’s explore everything you need to know about buying and riding e-bikes.

Choosing the Right E-Bike

Selecting the right electric wheels for your needs and preferences is crucial. The purchase takes some crucial factors into consideration:

1. Budget

E-bikes range widely in price from about $500 on the low end for very basic models to $5000+ for high-end specs. Determine your budget upfront, then look for the highest quality e-bike you can afford. Used e-bikes can also offer great value. If you're unsure where to start, you might want to check out resources where you can shop all EV bikes to compare various models and find one that fits within your budget. Setting a spending limit will help narrow your options.

2. Intended Use

Think about how you plan to use your new e-bike. Will it be for leisurely weekend rides on paved trails? A daily work commute across town? Hauling kids or cargo? Trail riding on rough terrain? Knowing your intended use will help determine the ideal e-bike type and features you'll want.
· For commuting or running errands around town, look for city or commuter e-bike styles with step-through or low-step frames for easy mounting and dismounting.
· For carrying cargo or kids, cargo e-bikes or longtails offer expanded rear racks and storage capacity.
· For off-road adventures, fat tire e-bikes or mountain e-bikes provide stability and suspension on unpaved surfaces.

3. Motor and Battery

The motor (hub or mid-drive) and battery power will directly impact the e-bike's speed, acceleration, hill climbing ability, and range per charge. Hub motors are simple and maintenance-free, but mid-drive motors distribute weight better and feel more natural. Batteries range from about 300Wh (entry-level) up to 750Wh (high-end). Larger batteries allow longer range but add weight. Consider your needs – a commuter may only need 15-30 miles of range, while trail riders may prefer a 500Wh battery.

4. Frame Material

Look for sturdy aluminum or steel frames for durability. Carbon fiber frames are very lightweight but more expensive. Consider a step-through or low-step frame if you'll be frequently mounting and dismounting the e-bike. Front suspension is great for absorbing bumps on uneven terrain, while full suspension further cushions the ride on rugged trails.

Getting Familiar with E-Bike Components

Understanding the key components of your e-bike will help you ride safely and get the most out of the technology. Here are the main parts to know:
• Motor: Located in the hub or by the pedals, it provides electric assistance as you pedal. More power means faster acceleration.
• Battery: Typically lithium-ion, it can be removed or integrated into the frame. Higher capacity equals longer range per charge.
• Controller: Regulates power from the battery to the motor. Allows adjusting assistance modes.
• Display: Shows battery level, speed, distance, assistance mode. Lets you control settings.
• Throttle: Twists (like a motorcycle) to engage the motor without pedaling on some models.
• Sensors: Detect your pedaling cadence and pressure to activate the motor.
• Brakes: Electric bikes have high stopping power with disc brakes or caliper brakes. Check pads regularly.

Learning to Ride an E-Bike

Riding an e-bike is similar to a regular bike, but the power boost takes some getting used to. Here are some tips for your first rides:
· Start slow in a safe area. Practice starting, stopping, and using the throttle if equipped.
· Pedal lightly at first, so it allows for the motor to help you gain speed. However, don't stop pedaling completely; keep moving slowly and steadily.
· To maintain an optimal pedaling cadence, make sure to keep shifting through the gears as needed.
· Experiment with different pedal assist modes for varying levels of boost; level 1 is minimal, and level 5 is maximum.
· If you have been used to riding regular bikes, know that you must brake earlier on e-bikes than on a regular bike. This calls for the extra weight and speed. Also, use both brakes together.
· During the turns, lean slightly to balance the weight; avoid sharp turns in the beginning and go slow.

Understanding E-Bike Laws and Safety

As with any vehicle, there are laws and safety precautions to follow while riding an e-bike. Be sure to:
• Wear a helmet and follow traffic laws. Use lights and reflectors when riding at night.
• Keep speed under 20mph on bike paths. Faster speeds may require riding on the road.
• Use hand signals when turning and stopping. Announce yourself when passing pedestrians.
• Yield to regular bikes and pedestrians on bike paths. Pass with ample space.
• Stay visible. Avoid riding in blind spots of cars and trucks. Make eye contact.
• Brake gradually. Avoid abrupt stops that can cause you to lose control.
• Lock your e-bike when parked. Use two locks for more security.

Maintaining Your E-Bike

Like any bicycle, e-bikes require regular maintenance to keep them operating smoothly for years to come. Be sure to:
• Inspect tire pressure and tread wear monthly. Keep tires inflated to the recommended PSI.
• Check brakes and brake pads for signs of wear. Adjust as needed.
• Clean the chain regularly with a degreaser. Lubricate it to prevent rust and wear.
• Wipe down the bike frame to remove dirt, dust, and moisture after every ride.
• Fully charge the battery after every ride. Store indoors, away from extreme temps.
• Schedule annual tune-ups with a certified e-bike mechanic.


An e-bike can provide years of enjoyable riding when you know how to use it. These tips will help you be prepared to pick the right e-bike. Once you have chosen your ride, you can ride safely and follow the rules of the road. Also, keep your new wheels in top shape to enjoy it for years to come.